Human Rights

From capitalistManifesto

Inalienable citizen rights are enshrined in Capitalist Manifesto as principles and, variously, in common Constitution law. These inalienable rights can't be contravened by other laws and must be reflected in national and confederation legislation. Constitution rights can only be waived by community special case amendments or by canton unanimity.


Based on a combination of the United Nations Declarations of Fundamental Human Rights (1948), the American Second Bill of Rights and US Constitution (1776 and 1944), the European Union's Fundamental Human Rights, the United Kingdom's Bill of Human Rights (1998), the Libertarian and Objectivist Texts (mostly 20th-century) and:
"Of all tyrannies, a tyranny exercised for the good of its victims may be the most oppressive. It may be better to live under robber barons than under omnipotent moral busybodies. The robber baron's cruelty may sometimes sleep, his cupidity may at some point be satiated; but those who torment us for our own good will torment us without end, for they do so with the approval of their own conscience. They may be more likely to go to Heaven yet at the same time likelier to make a Hell of earth. This very kindness stings with intolerable insult. To be "cured" against one's will and cured of states which we may not regard as disease is to be put on a level of those who have not yet reached the age of reason or those who never will; to be classed with infants, imbeciles, and domestic animals." - C.S. Lewis (1898-1963)

  1. Article 1.
    • All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
  2. Article 2.
    • Entitlement to all rights is universal, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
  3. Article 3.
    • Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. The individual is the sole owner of their own body, mind, thoughts and adjacent physical space.
  4. Article 4.
    • No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
  5. Article 5.
    • No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
  6. Article 6.
    • Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
  7. Article 7.
    • All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of inalienable rights and against any incitement to such discrimination.
Protection of citizen rights includes 
  1. Article 8.
    • Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law. Prosecution of remedy or defence against remedy sought must be represented on a like for like basis.
  2. Article 9.
    • No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Privacy of protagonists must be offered as an absolute condition of a fair trial or tribunal if the consideration includes reputation-impact civil or criminal charge.
  3. Article 10.
    • The right to a fair trial or tribunal is inalienable. Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal (or court of law), in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal or reputation-impact charge against the one or both parties.
  4. Article 11.
    • (1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. This includes but is not limited to like for like representation and resources to meet the conditions of prosecution.
    • (2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under proximate-jurisdiction law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.
  5. Article 12.
    • No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attack upon reputation. Everyone has the right to protection against such interference or attacks. Correspondence to include physical and digital communication.
  6. Article 13.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each community and each canton and each state and, to the extent of extant international law, freedom to cross borders as a citizen of the State.
    • (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
  7. Article 14.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
    • (2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the inalienable rights of another human being.
  8. Article 15.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
    • (2) No one shall be deprived of nationality nor denied the right to change nationality except by extraordinary special case as a result of guilt proven by criminal prosecution.
  9. Article 16.
    • (1) Adults of full age, without any limitation due to race, gender, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage, and at its dissolution.
    • (2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
    • (3) The family is recognized as a fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and all authority available to the State.
  10. Article 17.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
    • (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
  11. Article 18.
    • Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest personal belief in teaching, practice, and observance.
  12. Article 19.
    • Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression (including but not limited to freedom of speech). This right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
  13. Article 20.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. This right is not limited by numbers or proximity to others.
    • (2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association or community.
  14. Article 21.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
    • (2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
    • (3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government at all levels. This will shall be expressed in regular and genuine open elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
    • (4) The authority of government as mandated by the will of the people shall not be binding on future authority of government or unreasonably seek to impose on the future will of the people.
  15. Article 22.
    • Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, in accordance with the organization and resources of each community, Canton and State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
  16. Article 23.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to work, to reasonable free choice of job, to absolute free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
    • (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
    • (3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring an existence worthy of human dignity and human ambition, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. This right extends to family and community and the workplace environment.
  17. Article 24.
    • Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays without financial penalty. Right to rest and leisure must meet community, Canton and State mandated standards as and when these have been legislated.
  18. Article 25.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the perfect health and well-being of the individual and the family, including nutritious food, adequate clothing, climate-controlled housing, protection against crime by community policing, and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of accident, sickness, disability, widowhood, ill health, mental illness, old age or other lack of independent livelihood.
    • (2) Motherhood is entitled to special care and assistance. Parents are entitled to reasonable support for children, to ensure quality of life is maintained. All children shall enjoy full and reasonable community, Canton and State protection.
  19. Article 26.
    • (1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free in the elementary, secondary and tertiary stages, to at least a level of standardized attainment as defined by community, Canton and State. Standardized attainment must include the Core Syllabus.
    • Elementary and secondary education shall be compulsory based on syllabus, not centralized schooling. Parents, the family or the community (if no family exists) has the right to educate children according to their beliefs and standards notwithstanding the right of the child to be educated in the Core Syllabus.
    • Technical and professional education shall be made generally available. Tertiary or higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit and need. All training and higher education must hold to standards necessary to meet the evolving requirements of the employment market.
    • Education shall include the inalienable rights, constitutional rights and the human rights laws of the community, Canton and State, to ensure the full development of the citizen's understanding of fundamental freedoms, provisions and obligations.
  20. Article 27.
    • Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in technological, educational, medical and scientific advancement and its benefits.
    • Every author, inventor and creator has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, engineering, literary or artistic production.
  21. Article 28.
    • The rights and freedoms set forth in these Declarations shall be safeguarded by the community, the Canton and the State, so the citizen may fully realize their benefits.
  22. Article 29.
    • (1) Everyone has reasonable duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
    • (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are reasonable and determined by relevant jurisdiction laws solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the reasonable requirements of community expectations for the general welfare of society.
    • (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the rights and freedoms of another individual.
  23. Article 30.
    • Nothing in these Declarations may be interpreted as implying for any State, Canton, community, group or person any the right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction or the detriment of any of the individual human rights and freedoms set forth herein.